Reinventing Planning

The paper Reinventing Planning presented at World Urban Forum in Vancouver in 2006 identified six areas where New Urban Planning can make a difference and set out ten principles for New Urban Planning;

The areas where New Urban Planning can make a difference are argued to be the following:

  1. 1.Reduce vulnerability to natural disasters.

By addressing, in cities throughout the world, some key causes of climate change, and by carefully planning settlements so that fewer people are vulnerable to natural calamities, human settlements will become more liveable and the world will stand a better chance of coping with environmental challenges.

  1. 2.Create environmentally-friendly cities.

Urban growth has enormous impacts on the local, as well as global, environment. New Urban Planning can support environmentally-friendly forms of transport and sustainable building, and conserve environmental assets. More efficient and economical city forms, where legal and governmental systems can deliver them, are vital elements for environmental sustainability.

  1. 3.Reduce new slum formation

On present tends, the proportion of the earth’s people living in slums will increase from 1:6 in 2001 to 1:3 by 2031. Slum upgrading is a necessary but not sufficient way of tackling the slum problem, A planning approach is essential to ensure an adequate supply of appropriately located land.

  1. 4.Build sustainable economic growth in both urban and rural areas

Urban growth is a major cause and consequence of economic growth and opportunity. By adopting a livelihoods focus, New Urban Planning can help to tackle urban poverty and rural – urban migration. New Urban Planning practices have reinvigorated declining cities and city centres in the northern hemisphere and facilitated growth in Asia – adapted to local circumstances. Planning of rural settlements within their regional context can sustain livelihoods outside the City.

  1. 5.Conflict resolution and Safer cities

New Urban Planning can aid crime prevention and is crucial to post – disaster and post – conflict reconstruction in strife – torn cities. Plans provide a framework for different interests to work together in a common purpose and a transparent and accountable arena for negotiation of conflicts over development.

  1. 6.Civic Capital

New Urban Planning will foster a climate of civic ownership. Planning will only contribute to sustainability when people, communities and individuals take personal responsibility. New Urban Planning will seek out mechanisms of government compatible with indigenous traditions and practices that will maximise the potential to achieve this.

  • The ten principles for New Urban Planning are
  1. 1.Sustainability which requires reconciling and integrating social, economic and environmental considerations in human settlement development;
  2. 2.Integrated Planning and budgeting which is a fundamental part of governance and which requires strategic thinking which is not done in silos or boxes, about policies that support each other and which ensure effective linkages to private and public budgeting processes;
  3. 3.Planning with Partners which requires planning to be participatory, inclusive and to involve all sectors of the community not least the youth, women, the poor and ethnic minorities;
  4. 4.Transparent and Accountable Planning
  5. Subsidiarity which requires that decisions are taken at the most appropriate level of preferably decentralised government;
  6. 6.Market Responsiveness
  7. 7.Access to Land;
  8. 8.Appropriate Tools which should be strategic, affordable, relevant to their context and compatible with indigenous traditions and practices;
  9. 9.Pro – poor and Inclusive;
  10. 10.Cultural variation

 

The Reinventing Planning is on the CAP website www.commonwealth-planners.org